March 2018 - Marina eNewsletter
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Blue Moon Yacht Services



Sun Harbor Marina
5000 N. Harbor Drive
San Diego, CA 92106

Telephone:
619-222-1167

Fax:
619-222-9387

E-mail Address:
kathy@sun-harbor.com

Web Site:
www.sun-harbor.com

Office Hours:
Monday - Saturday
8:30 am - 5:00 pm

Important Numbers:
Harbor Police:
619-686-6272

US Coast Guard:
800-424-8802

Marina After Hours:
619-808-9518
310-529-7157


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From The Sun Harbor Marina

Welcome to the March 2018 edition of the Sun Harbor Marina newsletter. In this month's issue, we have interesting articles about Extreme Sailing Series 2018, Eastern Pacific Green Sea Turtles, Blue Guard Oil and Fuel Detection Sensor, and How Important it is to change Engine Oil.

Special Dates in March
March is National Umbrella Month – So far the winter has been pretty dry. Start your rain dance and get out that umbrella

March 1st World Book Day: Who is your favorite boating author?

March 2nd Employee Appreciation Day

March 9th Day of Unplugging (wi-fi, internet, phone…). Will you take the challenge?

Saturday, March 17th 5:30 – 7:30 p.m.  St. Patrick's Day Potluck Party
Wear your green and come share your favorite St. Paddy's Day dish with us on the Upper Deck. Back by popular demand: live entertainment will be provided by guitarist/vocalist Corey St. Pierre. Please sign up at the Sun Harbor Marina office or RSVP on our Facebook page.

March 22nd  World Water Day

Hydration Takes Practice
- By Laura Brownwood
There's a pretty good chance you are dehydrated right now. At this very moment. In fact, a survey conducted by the New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Center found that 75 percent of Americans are chronically dehydrated. But not to worry! There are ways to improve your hydration game.

Benefits of being hydrated are Impressive:

  • Tired of colds, flu or aches and pains,? Water flushes out toxins which cause all kinds of health problems

  • Promotes weight loss... do I have your attention now? - It helps reduce hunger! Reach for a glass of water next time you feel hungry. Many times it's your body signaling hydration and we take it for hunger Some research shows it raises your metabolism and, it has zero calories

  • Your brain is mostly water, so drinking it helps you think, focus, concentrate better and be more alert

  • Improves your complexion, your skin needs hydration

  • Important for regularity ~ water is essential to digest your food and helps prevents constipation

  • It boost the immune system, stay healthier (I promise)

  • When your body gets what it needs, it functions better and helps you feel good, which can result in Happier You!

Drinking Water Helps Maintain the Balance of Body Fluids. Your body is composed of about 60% water. The functions of these bodily fluids also include absorption, circulation, creation of saliva, transportation of nutrients, and maintenance of body temperature.

World Water Day is an annual event celebrated on March 22nd. The day focuses attention on the importance of universal access to clean water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) facilities in developing countries. EveryBODY needs Water!

Laura Brownwood
The BeachHouse Team 619-994-4999
laura@the-beachhouse.com

Sun Harbor Has a New Maintenance Person
You may have noticed new help on property. CCM is proud to announce that Reyes Gomez has been promoted to an assistant supervisor position!

As we all know Reyes excellent attitude and his knowledge of cleaning kept Sun Harbor Marina in great shape. He personally trained Esmeralda Villa to take over as janitor. While Reyes left some big shoes to fill, we are looking forward to her strong work ethic keeping the property sparkling clean. FYI, Esmeralda's nickname is Elizabeth. Elizabeth does not speak English, so if you need something, don't be shy call the office and we will coordinate resolving the issue.

Extreme Sailing Series 2018

Over 10 months of global touring, the 2018 Extreme Sailing Series will visit eight iconic venues spanning three continents. Maintaining the highest level of sporting integrity, the global tour includes a mix of established sailing venues and new markets of strong commercial value to stakeholders, that offers some of the world’s best sailors a variety of sailing formats, from open water to the tradition-breaking and award-winning Stadium Racing format the Series is renowned for.

Act 6: San Diego, October 18 – 21, 2018
With the racing taking place just five metres from the shore of Harbor Island, the man-made peninsula located close to Downtown San Diego, the Series will return to the city for the penultimate Act of the season. Enjoying a very temperate climate, the Californian city of San Diego sees consistent breezes, making it a popular sailing spot for California and the rest of the west coast

Natural Resources & Wildlife - Endangered Eastern Pacific Green Sea Turtles

The Eastern Pacific green sea turtle is a resident of the San Diego Bay. The sea turtles migrate from nesting sites in Mexico, in order to forage in the eel grass beds in the Bay. A small group of 30 to 60 sea turtles are estimated to reside generally in South San Diego Bay. Years of intensive poaching and harvesting of the turtle have attributed to the sharp decline in the population. San Diego Bay provides a protected foraging habitat for the sea turtles and offers a prime study area for researchers.

Currently, efforts to restore the green sea turtle population are focusing on public education and on tracking the migratory patterns of the turtle. Public education is especially needed in the turtle's nesting areas in Mexico, where traditionally, turtles have been harvested for food and other consumer items. Although severe over harvesting has attributed to the decline of the sea turtle, other factors such as boat collisions and entanglement also have been identified as contributors.

San Diegans and visitors to the Bay can assist in the turtle recovery efforts by practicing safe and responsible boating techniques and by properly disposing of fishing line and other trash. For more information follow this link.

Clean Marina Minute - Clean and Green Marina What & Why
- By Bradley Wright
Clean Marina is a voluntary compliance program that stresses environmental and managerial best management practices that exceed regulatory requirements. A facility must meet all legal regulatory requirements and a percentage of voluntary best management practices to become a certified Clean Marina. A typical Clean Marina program will have components that cover marina sighting and design considerations, marina management, emergency planning, petroleum control, sewage and gray water, waste containment and disposal, storm water management, habitat and species protection and boater education. If you are curious about the specific criteria that Sun Harbor Marina adheres to take a close look at their website, www.CleanMarina.org

The Clean Marina Program is valuable because it is an effective tool in maintaining and promoting environmental responsibility; with the end result being cleaner water. The voluntary, non-regulatory nature of the program encourages participation and cooperation between marinas, the boating public and the regulatory agencies. Without the Clean Marina Program, states would be forced to further regulate the marinas, which would cost money and time in an already stressed economy.

The program is valuable to our waterways because it promotes respect and follow good boating practices of the environment. We are grateful for your cooperation with the clean marina program.

Oil and Fuel Detection Sensor
The BG-One, Oil and Fuel Detector with Smart Bilge Pump Switch integrates with the bilge pump system to selectively pump out water and not oil or fuel, preventing the vessel from accumulating water and aiding in the prevention of costly oil or fuel spills. The BG-One was developed in collaboration with the marine industry needing a reliable, long lasting bilge pump switch. Having no moving parts or float switches that can easily be damaged, the BG-One will automatically turn off the bilge pump when oil or fuel is detected before a costly spill occurs. The BG-One will connect to any 12 or 24 Vdc bilge pump and alarm panel on the market today.
Read More

How Important is Changing Engine Oil?
Not only does the grit in dirty oil wear precision surfaces, but the acids that contaminated oil invariably contain are dissolving internal engine parts while the boat is sitting idle. Frequent oil changes ward off breakdowns and extend the life of your engine(s) by thousands of hours — simple as that. Engine manuals typically specify changing the oil every 100*, 125*, or 150* hours. Pay attention to that asterisk. It means "but no less than once a year." If your boating is seasonal, once a year is not often enough. Change the oil when you commission your boat in the spring and when you winterize it in the fall. You will never get a better return on a $40 investment than from changing your oil twice a year or every 100 hours.

Running the engine is always a prerequisite to an oil change. You want the oil warm enough to flow freely, and you want the contaminants in the oil, not lying in the bottom of the pan. Drain the oil cold and a lot of the contamination stays behind. Because a quality oil filter should be good for 200 to 300 hours of running time, engine manufacturers sometimes specify a filter change with every other oil change. The problem is that filters harbor a significant amount of oil. Not changing the filter is a bit like pouring this morning's coffee over an inch of yesterday's coffee remaining in the cup. When you change the oil, change the filter. For more information read this article from BoatUS.

In closing we will share a quote from Patricia Lynch: "If you hold a four-leaf shamrock in your left hand at dawn on St. Patrick's Day you get what you want very much but haven't wished for."

Enjoy your wish and tell us about it at the St Patrick's Day Party on March 17th from 5:30pm and 7:30pm.

Best Regards,
Your Sun Harbor Marina Team

Christian Marine Surveyors

Are You a Pollywog or a Shellback?
That depends whether you have crossed the equator on a boat or ship. (No, it doesn't count if you're at 30,000 feet or sipping a martini in the casino on a cruise ship)

"Crossing the line" is an initiation rite which commemorates a sailor's first crossing of the equator. Originally the tradition was created as a test for seasoned sailors to find out if their new shipmates were capable of handling long rough times at sea.

Sailors who have already crossed the equator are nicknamed (Trusty) Shellbacks, often referred to as Sons of Neptune; those who have not are nicknamed (Slimy) Pollywogs.

A rare status is the Golden (or Royal) shellback; a person who has crossed the intersection of the equator at the 180th meridian (international date line).

In the past, these initiation rites often lasted for a couple of days with brutal treatment of pollywogs including such things as shaving their heads, covering them with sea slime, tossing them into the hold, etc.

The usual final insult was a blindfolded visit to be hauled before King Neptune's Court on the aft deck and the requirement to "kiss the royal baby's ass". (Which after the blindfold was removed turned out to be the stomach of the portliest sailor aboard smeared with sea slime).

Australia Claims "First Ever" Rescue at Sea Via Drone
It might not be an exaggeration to say that drones are likely to change the world in the future on the same magnitude as the internet has done - and similarly, for both better and worse.

On the better side of the ledger, however, nothing shows more promise than the use of drones in search and rescue missions - both on land and on the water.

The internet is abuzz with companies anxious to get into the game of producing drones suitable for search and rescue operations and organizations anxious to start experimenting with them.

The U.S. Coast Guard has been looking at the prospect of getting a such a drone fleet for over two decades, but critics complain that to date, the Coast Guard has still not deployed a single drone.

Meanwhile, other countries and organizations around the world are pressing ahead, and two weeks ago on January 19th, in what is being described as "first", lifeguards successfully deployed a drone to rescue two boys in trouble while swimming off the eastern coast of Australia.

There was a lot of luck, though. Members of the Australian Lifeguard Service just happened to be training with the drone - which is being developed to spot sharks - when they got word that the swimmers were having difficulty nearby as they encountered a 9-foot swell in rough surf conditions.

The lifeguards steered the unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), which is equipped with a flotation pod that can be dropped into the sea toward the swimmers who were 800 metres away. After spotting them, they dropped the pod with pinpoint accuracy.

The two grabbed onto it and made it to shore with the help of the waves. A team of lifeguards who had raced to the scene in an ATV greeted the two. They were unharmed.

The Legend of the Scripps Canyon Sea Monster
In the early 1960s, the Marine Physical Laboratory, which is a division of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography began experimenting with something called RUM (The Remote Underwater Manipulator) off the coast of the Scripps Canyon in La Jolla.

Launched from the beach next to the Scripps pier, the strange vehicle was designed was designed to crawl about on the sea floor at depths down to 6,000 meters to gather objects and samples, to take photographs, and to install deep-sea instruments

Starting with a Marine Corps self-propelled half-track rifle carrier; scientists added a boom and a steel claw that could be pivoted in any direction out to about five meters to pick up objects. The gasoline engine was replaced with a pair of heavy electric motors in an oil-filled compartment.

Sonar was installed, and a powerful light and four television cameras for sea-floor surveillance from a portable shore station (actually a bus). Power for RUM and sensor signals were provided by way of a coaxial cable 8,000 meters long.

Only problem was that nobody told the local population about RUM, so nighttime trials resulted in a frightening bright light moving about on the ocean floor. Police and news media were flooded with calls from people who imagined everything from sea creatures to foreign invasion.

Early tests of RUM were only moderately successful. On one of its earliest sea trials, in 1970, RUM placed two small sonar reflectors on the sea floor, crawled away from them, and returned to find and retrieve them. It also found a third sea-floor object:, a stewed tomato can that was found to be the dwelling of a small and very frightened octopus.

Rum was then set aside to be used in later projects.

What Are the Odds You Will Be Involved in a Boating Accident in 2018?
(Source: U.S. Coast Guard)
In 2016, the U.S. Coast Guard counted 4,463 accidents that involved 701 deaths, 2,903 injuries and approximately $49 million dollars of damage to property as a result of recreational boating accidents.

The fatality rate was 5.9 deaths per 100,000 registered recreational vessels. This rate represents a 11.3% increase from 2015's fatality rate of 5.3 deaths per 100,000 registered recreational vessels.

So compared to 2015, the number of accidents increased 7.3%, the number of deaths increased 12%, and the number of injuries increased 11.1%.

Where the cause of death was known, 80% of fatal boating accident victims drowned. Of those drowning victims with reported life jacket usage, 83% were not wearing a life jacket.

Eight out of every ten boaters who drowned were using vessels less than 21 feet in length.

Alcohol use was the leading known contributing factor in fatal boating accidents; where the primary cause was known, it was listed as the leading factor in 15% of deaths.

Where instruction was known, 77% of deaths occurred on boats where the operator did not receive boating safety instruction. Only 13% percent of deaths occurred on vessels where the operator had received a nationally-approved boating safety education certificate.

There were 171 accidents in which at least one person was struck by a propeller. Collectively, these accidents resulted in 24 deaths and 175 injuries.

Operator inattention, operator inexperience, improper lookout, excessive speed, and machinery failure rank as the top five primary contributing factors in accidents.

Where data was known, the most common vessel types involved in reported accidents were open motorboats (47%), personal watercraft (18%), and cabin motorboats (15%).

Where data was known, the vessel types with the highest percentage of deaths were open motorboats (47%), kayaks (13%), and canoes (9%).

One obvious conclusion? Having boating instruction; wearing life jackets; avoiding distractions; using moderate speed; and avoiding alcohol can reduce your odds of being involved in a boating accident dramatically.

A Close Call with Fire
- By Kells Christian
This sea story originates from an insurance claim we were involved with and comes with a lesson.

The story beings with the purchase of a five year old 45' motor vessel equipped with two diesel engines. The buyer had a marine survey and a mechanical survey at the time of purchase. She bought the vessel and hired a captain to train her in its operation.

Fifteen minutes into her fourth training session there was a change in the color of the engine exhaust smoke and subsequently they found the cabin thick with smoke.

A fire had started in the engine room. The fire was extinguished by a fixed, automatic fire extinguisher.

Our investigation found the fire was caused by a severely overheated engine exhaust system. The raw water pump impeller had failed, and was the root cause of the engine and exhaust system overheat event. The exhaust blew against combustible material and ignited the fire.

The captain stated that he had not been watching the engine instruments, but had heard no audible engine alarm. The recently completed mechanical survey did not mention a problem with the audible alarm system, but further investigation revealed the mechanic had found the problem, but that finding did not make it into the report.

The mechanic had provided his handwritten notes to the report writer, but the inoperative engine alarm note was written the report on the back of his field notes and the report writer missed this note.

This overheating scenario is not uncommon. It takes about fifteen minutes for a boat engine to severely overheat, in a normal usage situation. Had the audible alarm alerted the captain or the owner to the engine overheating condition, the engine would have been turned off prior to catastrophic failure and prior to the fire. Engines overheat all the time with very little consequential damage.

This story had a semi-happy ending. Nobody was hurt, we got a job, the insurance company paid a total loss and another boat was purchased. The boat broker sold two boats in a short period of time and was extremely happy. We assume the boat owner went on to pursue her dream of boating and lived happily ever after.

The lesson; audible engine alarms are critically important. Automatic fire extinguishing systems save lives. Boat fires are bad for you, bad for insurance companies but good for boat brokers and good for our business.

Kells Christian has been an accredited Marine Surveyor since 1990. His expertise extends to both recreational and commercial vessels. You can e-mail your marine surveyor questions to kells@themarinesurveyors.com or Click Here to visit his web site.

Shelter Island Boat Launch Re-opening
The Shelter Island Boat Launch Facility Improvement Project is currently 50 percent complete and is behind schedule, although efforts are being made to minimized delays in reopening. Here is a link to the full press release regarding the re-opening of the ramp.

Autopsy of a Capsize - Did "Wave Height" Have Anything to do With It?
- By Commodore Vincent Pica
When it comes to the forces that can cause a boat to capsize, tragedies abound that point to the urgent need for more understanding of the effect of wave height in this phenomenon by boat captains.

There is a tremendous amount of data on "Righting Moments", "Center of Buoyancy" and "Center of Gravity" thanks to the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Coast Guard, amongst many other institutions that literally live and die by these metrics.

To understand the forces of capsizing, and how those forces change when you load the boat, let's get some terms under our belt.

Most of us understand "Center of Gravity" (G) instinctively, but what is the "Center of Buoyancy" (B)? The Center of Buoyancy is the center of the volume of water which the hull displaces.

When a ship is stable, the Center of Buoyancy is vertically in-line with the center of gravity of the ship. So, as long as the Center of Gravity pushing the boat down is above the Center of Buoyancy pushing the boat up, we're good.

How good? That is a very good question and as with many good questions, it requires more information to answer properly. Take a look at this diagram.

What is that "M" sitting up there above our trusty Center of Gravity and the Center of Buoyancy? That is something very important called the Metacenter.

The Metacenter remains directly above the Center of Buoyancy regardless of the heeling of a boat (tilting caused by external factors like wind or waves) or listing (tilting caused by internal factors such as poorly stowed cargo or on-boarding of water by wind or waves).

Now take a look at this diagram. If you are starting to worry about the distance between "G" and "M" called the "Metacentric Height" (or "GM" in naval architecture parlance), you're catching on quickly.

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