Greetings Sun Harbor Mariners
Welcome to the July 2018 edition of the Sun Harbor Marina newsletter. In this month's issue, we have interesting articles about Use Safe Spill-Proof Fueling Practices, Types of Marine Corrosion, 3 Easy, No-Cost Ways to be Safer on the Water, Vessel Documentation, Jib Sheets, and the Stopper Knot.
Special Dates in July
National Picnic Month Where will you take the boat for a group picnic?
July 4th Independence Day Marina Pot-Luck
Sun Harbor Marina will hold its annual 4th of July pot-luck on Wednesday, July 4th. Pot-luck will begin at 4:30. Kathy will be grilling Burgers and Hot Dogs. Drop by the office to sign up for the type of dish you are bringing so we don't have all desserts (oh that would not be all bad). After the potluck, get ready for fireworks!
July 4th San Diego Bay Fireworks Fireworks
July 15th National Ice Cream Day
July 24th Tell a Joke Day
July 20th Point Loma Summer Concerts 2018 Lineup
Clean Marina Minute - Use Safe, Spill-Proof Fueling Practices
California has more boaters than almost any state in the nation, and all those boaters put in a lot of hours on the water. Millions of gallons of fuel and diesel are sold to recreational boaters in CA every year. It is extremely important for boaters to implement clean and safe boating practices when filling up a tank to protect the environment and their health and safety. Accidental overflows, splashes and spills go directly into the water and impact our environment. We can make a big difference by implementing the clean boating practices. For key steps read more:
Be Water Wise: Be sure to use an automatic shut off nozzle on the hose when washing your boat down to minimize water waste. We have a few in the office if you need one.
Health Benefits of Mother Ocean
- By Laura Brownwood
Boaters love the water... Age old wisdom has always said that being near the seaside is good for your health. Now, there are studies that suggest this is true. Research shows that spending time by the ocean has many positive effects on health and well-being, epidemiologists Lora Fleming of the University of Exeter, UK said at a science policy conference of the American Geophysical Union. The notion that being near a beach makes one feel healthy is not new, of course. Doctors were prescribing trips to the shore or visits to "bathing hospitals" special clinics that offered seawater bath treatments as early as the 18th century. But only recently have scientists begun studying the ocean's health benefits experimentally, Fleming said.
The researchers are now doing lab experiments to study the physiological benefits of coastal life. Early studies suggest people report feeling less pain when immersed in a beach setting. These studies suggest ocean exposure could be a useful form of therapy, and that surfing might improve the well-being of troubled kids, Fleming said.
Types of Marine Corrosion
Metal parts underwater are subjected to two basic types of corrosion: galvanic corrosion and stray current corrosion. Both can harm your boat, propeller, and motor if not correctly monitored and avoided.
What is Corrosion?
There is nothing mysterious about corrosion. The process metal goes through in changing is slightly complicated, but not especially complex.
To best describe corrosion, let's start with the most common type, rust. We all know rust, but to understand rust, we have to go back to the very beginning. Iron ore has a chemical composition of two iron atoms bonded with three oxygen atoms. As it is mined out of the ground, it's a brownish-red powder useless to us. But by refining, purifying, and smelting, we create iron, which is useful. We can use it as plain iron, or we can process it further and combine it with other elements to get different types of steel.
Let's say the iron is made into hinges for your backyard fence. Everyone knows that if you leave iron out in the rain, it rusts. If it rusts long and badly enough, the metal disappears and you're left with a pile of brownish-red powder-rust or iron oxide, which has the same composition as iron ore.
Here's why. Iron atoms want to return to their normal state as iron ore, iron oxide, or rust. Which are all the same things. That's the state in which iron is most comfortable and most stable. Left alone, it won't turn into anything else. And most metals used in manufactured products want to do the same return to their natural state. Read more about the common corrosions we all face maintaining our boats.
3 Easy, No-Cost Ways to Be Safer on the Water
With the start of boating season, the BoatUS Foundation for Boating Safety and Clean Water has three tips to get boaters thinking about safety aboard any type of boat.
- Open up your boat for a vessel safety check:
You may think getting a vessel safety check from the U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary can open yourself to problems. However, a no-risk, free vessel safety check does the opposite. It points out both the required and recommended items to have aboard, such as fire extinguishers, life jackets, distress signals, first-aid kits, and engine spark arrestors, and also helps provide a better understanding on the care and use of this critical equipment. Checks are done as a courtesy with no risk to the boater, so you won't be in trouble if discrepancies are found. Sign up at the office for a reservation. The US Coast Guard Auxiliary will be on site June 30th.
- Believe the numbers - take a safety course:
Statistics from the U.S. Coast Guard Office of Boating Safety show that only 13 percent of all boating deaths in 2016 occurred on vessels where the operator had taken a nationally approved boating safety education course. So take this number to heart - taking a boating safety course improves safety. The BoatUS Foundation offers free online boating safety courses that meet the education requirements in 36 states and also may earn you a boat insurance discount. Go to BoatUS.org/Free.
- Give a safety talk before you head out:
Taking out guests is half the fun of boating, but before you head out give a little talk about how to stay safe aboard your boat. Some important things to include may be how to distribute weight in a small boat, how to hold on when crossing a wake, how the VHF radio works and the location of important safety equipment. Also, give everyone a life jacket to wear or keep in his or her immediate vicinity. If you don't have a right-sized life jacket for a youngster, borrow one for free from the office. Seatow/BoatUS Foundation helped SHM get set up with Life Jacket Loaners.
USCG/NVDC sends out their annual renewal letter 30-45 days before the expiration date of a document. The renewal letter comes directly from their office in Falling Waters, WV (black and white letter, $26.00 ANNUAL fee). USCG/NVDC ALSO only renews ANNUALLY. They do NOT do multi-year renewals. Any letter or website that you or your clients receive or search to that is not ending in .MIL is a THIRD PARTY company. There is only one USCG: Follow this link for more information
If you prefer to use a service, contact:
Dona Jenkins Maritime Document Service, Inc.
1050 Rosecrans St., Suite 3, San Diego, CA 92106
Tel: 619.223.2279 Fax: 619.223.1002
Use a soft shackle to attach jib sheets to the jib sail's clew for a lighter, softer, safer knot. Read More:
To keep a line from pulling through a block or rope clutch, a knot should be tied in the end of it. The most secure knot for doing this is the double overhand stopper knot, known as the stopper knot for short. Unlike a simple overhand knot or a figure eight knot, this knot does not come loose easily.
The easiest way to tie a true stopper knot is by using your hand as a form. Just loop the end of the line twice around the palm of your hand, tuck the working end under the two loops, and then pull the loops off your hand. Once you try it, you'll never use a figure eight again.
Working back to front, pass the working end twice around the palm of your open hand. After you've got two full wraps, pass the working end under the wraps on your palm away from your thumb. Then use the end to pull the knot tight as it slips off your hand.
In Preparation for July 24th a HaHa for July
Why did the banana go to the hospital?
Because it was not peeling well.
Ha ha ha...
We are happy to see so many of you down enjoying your boat. Be sure to give us a ring or come on in with any news to share, questions or concerns. We hope to see you at the June 30 activities for the day and the July 4th Potluck prior to the fireworks.
Your Sun Harbor Marina Team
Mark Your Calendar
Bayside Summer Nights 2018 Starting, June 29th - September 2nd, This is where music lovers gather to enjoy a picnic on the lawn, share a bottle of champagne at reserved tables, or sit in the grandstand taking in the beauty of San Diego Bay. The shimmering skyline and spectacular fireworks provide the perfect backdrop for enjoying great music.
Engine Neutral Safety Switches - Do Your Engines Have Them?
- By Kells Christian
The basic idea of a neutral safety switch is to prevent starting a boat's engine when its transmission is "in gear". This prevents the boat from moving suddenly and unexpectedly when an engine is started and is a good safety feature. An unexpected sudden movement of a boat can be catastrophic.
Recently a 90' motor vessel's engine started in gear and damaged the dock to which it was secured. Fortunately there were no injuries. There were several contributing causes, including a new operator unfamiliar with the systems and either no neutral safety switch or one that didn't work.
I polled a few mechanics and inquired if they test the neutral safety switch function during mechanical surveys. Most do not.
The mechanics all mentioned that many boats don't have these devices. One mechanic/surveyor said that most sailboats don't have them. A Detroit Diesel specialist said that Jimmys usually don't have them, but I was on a 118' Hatteras at the moment that did have them on all three 12V92's.
Most small boats with outboards, outdrives and gasoline inboards have a neutral safety switch in the engine control handle. Some transmissions have the switch mounted on the shift lever. Hydraulic and pneumatic controls (like the one in the 90' MY) can have them, but many do not. Most new electronically controlled engines do have them as part of the control system.
What this means to us as boaters is we can not assume our boat has a neutral safety switch and we should know so we can take proper actions to prevent an accident. There is a way to safely test the neutral safety switch. The basic idea is to find the switch's wires, check for continuity in neutral and make sure continuity is broken when the transmission control is not in neutral. For those interested in a bit more technical specifics see the following from Ricky at Advanced Marine Power:
"Safely checking the switch would entail using a voltmeter/multimeter with the ability to read resistance/ohms. Place the two leads of the meter on each wire/terminal of the neural safety switch. Set the meter to read ohms; this will check for electrical continuity. Turn the ignition key on, but do not start the engine. There should be a resistance value on the meter, signifying that the electrical circuit has continuity. With the key still on, engine not running, shift the transmission into forward. Check the meter. There now should be no resistance value, or 'OL'. This signifies that the electrical circuit does not have continuity, and thus will not allow the engine to start. Repeat the process by shifting into reverse."
Then there is the layman's method, put the transmission control in gear and try to start the engine. If you are ready for it, you should be able to control throttle and dock lines so that if it does start, you don't hurt anything. You can also just bump the starter, versus starting the engine.
Either method will give you crucial information as to the function of your engine starting system and reduce the potential for surprises, boat or dock damage or worse.
Kells Christian has been an accredited Marine Surveyor since 1990. His expertise extends to both recreational and commercial vessels. You can e-mail your marine surveyor questions to firstname.lastname@example.org or Click Here to visit his web site.
Boat Buying Scams on the Uptick
Today, anyone with half a brain and an internet connection knows not to wire money to a relative or acquaintance who has sent an email saying something like they are "stranded or in jail in a foreign country, and just need $500 to get back home".
But now, some recreational boaters are falling for a similar scam from "buyers" who have seen their boat for sale and want to buy it sight unseen - often for more than the asking price.
There are many variations on this new scam, but in general, the "buyer" is working somewhere offshore, perhaps on an oil rig or island, who wants to buy your boat to use for recreational purposes when he is on holiday.
There usually is a preliminary email or even a telephone call asking about the general details and condition of the boat, which then is followed by a written offer, again, often for more than the asking price.
The "scam" part takes some ingenious forms. One of the more devious forms is that the buyer asks for your PayPal (or equivalent) account information. You think to yourself, "what could be the harm in that? The only thing a scammer could do with that information is to deposit some money in my bank account!".
Aha! - But soon after you give out that information, you get a fake email from PayPal saying the buyer has deposited the full amount for the purchase of your boat plus more than enough money for shipping.
The "buyer" then sends you instructions where to send back the excess money. That "extra money" then is the scam, and the amount you lose.
In other cases, the scam involves the use of counterfit checks; counterfit money orders; fake escrows; and fake websites.
As always, the old adage applies - "If it sounds too good to be true, it probably is". One funny note - the biggest giveaway that something is a scam is the use of poor grammar or spelling errors by the scammer.
This Summer's Most Outrageous Boat Toys
Remember when the most exciting boat toy was your dinghy? Today, the watchword is "You ain't seen nuthin' yet, Martha!"
Get out your wallet! - Here's just a few of this summer's most outrageous offerings.
6-person Floating Island
Enjoy lazily relaxing tethered to your boat at a raft-up with the Blue Caribbean Island.
This durable Island is over 10 ft long and can easily seat 6 people; it features 5 seats with built-in back and arm rests, and a lounge seat for laying out in the sun. The 2 built-in coolers keep your drinks cold throughout the day, 6 built-in cup holders keep your drinks at arm's length, and the mesh bottom keeps your feet cool on those hot summer days! Buy at Costco.com $99.99
Inflatable Sun Deck
This 15-foot-long inflatable, floating deck has enough room for the entire family (pets included) to kick back with some relaxing beach chairs, tan, or try your hand at any number of water activities.
Kids will love jumping in the water off the deck, and the Sun Deck can be used as a launch point for your SUP, kayak, or boat! Buy at Costco.com $399.99
Swimline Floating Wireless Speakers
No need to leave your speaker on the boat to protect it from the water when you want to listen to music while you swim.
This floating speaker is able to be dunked right into the water as it's completely waterproof. Throw the speaker in the water and tie it to your float so it follows you around. $49.99 on Amazon
Inflatable Pong Raft with Freezable Ice Cup Racks
Why not play beer pong in the water by your boat instead of some dark caverness room in a frat house. The inflatable floating beer pong table has slots for 10 cups on each side, along with a slot for a water cup and a drink cup on each side. The table measures 6 feet long x 2 feet wide. $45.99 on Amazon
Inflatable Pool For Yachts Makes It Safe To Go Back In the Water Again
Last but not least, this swim step extension designed by a naval engineer to provide a jellyfish and other dangerous sea life-free place to swim while out boating, the Magic Swim is essentially nothing more than an inflatable pool like you may have enjoyed as a kid.
Made from durable PVC it weighs about 66 pounds when empty and can be setup with the assistance of a standard air compressor in about 5 minutes.
Mesh covered holes allow the Magic Swim to fill with water once it's deployed, but also keep unwanted visitors out, and a semi-rigid floating platform in the center of the pool allows you to stand once it's completely filled with water. Price: $2,250. Click Here to learn more.
San Diego's Maritime Museum Steps Up Its Game
- By Gus Giobbi - BlueSkyNews
If you are one of those "old timers" like myself who remember San Diego's Maritime Museum from years long ago (I won't tell you how many years), you probably have a ho-hum memory of yeah, there's an old ferry from San Francisco, and the Star of India, and a small book store, and not much else.
The Embarcadero itself was mostly deserted then, with practically nothing else from the Coast Guard Station at Laurel Street to Seaport Village except for Anthony's Restaurant, the Navy buildings and the Coronado Ferry.
But San Diego's Embarcadero of today is a far cry from those old days, what with the Midway Museum; the Cruise Ship Terminal; the B-Street Pier; the Hornblower Tours; and the widening of the promenade and even, are you ready for this, a lively bar when you can actually have a glass of wine or a beer as you enjoy the view!
And Anthony's? It has been demolished getting ready for the Brigantine's new restaurant.
What would Alonzo Horton have thought?
But amidst all these changes, people wondered what would happen to the Maritime Museum? Would the Midway Museum and all the other new attractions eat their lunch? Would the will be there to do what it takes to keep up with the times?
Well - The answer appears to be not only yes, but "hell yes!".
Today's Maritime Museum fleet includes not only the Star of India and the Berkeley ferry boat, but also the Californian, the America replica, the steam yacht Medea, the 1914 harbor Pilot boat; the HMS Surprise; a Soviet Foxtrot class submarine; the USS Dolphin submarine; the PCF-816 Patrol Craft; and of course, the replica of the San Salvador (formerly C24 or P24), 1968 Patrol Craft; and of course, the replica of Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo's galleon San Salvador, which discovered San Diego in 1542.
Throughout the year the Museum offers colorful events with names like Sea Glass Festival and Mermaid; Ball Rum Runner Night; Swift Boat tours; Man of War Cruises; Music Night Overnight aboard the Star of India; Family Overnight and Pirate Parties, San Diego Weddings, Corporate Events, Sailing Charters, and Team Building Events,
What's in Your First Aid Kit?
- By Commodore Vincent Pica
About 35 years ago, while trying to sail out of Hurricane Alberto's way in the North Atlantic, a rogue wave hit us and I went air-borne. Catching the side of my head on a brass runner, I managed not to be thrown below at a high rate of speed. Of course, it didn't do wonders for the side of my head.
I was crewing with a new captain for the first time and, when the Chief Medical Officer Marty Boorstein grabbed the scotch because there was no alcohol in the medical kit, I started to worry that maybe more was awry here than Hurricane Alberto.
The point is, as a responsible skipper, you should of course have a first aid kit aboard your boat, but you should augment it with some items you might need out there on the water that go beyond the contents of the over-the-counter medical kit. Also, you should take your skippering skills and medical knowledge to the next level.
In this article, I will recommend some of these items and skills.
It's just a Band-Aid - When someone wants to say that something hasn't really been fixed, they often say, "just put a Band-Aid on it." Band-Aid, which is a brand name, realized that they could do better themselves, and the new water-proof Band-Aids on the market now for a few years are dramatically better than the old version.
These have a semi-permeable membrane over sterile gauze. This makes them waterproof and breathable. Wounds need that in order to stay clean and yet be warm and moist enough to promote circulation and healing.
These new Band-Aids and 3M's "NexCare" are roughly 2x as expensive, but worth every penny in healing and prevention from infection.
These are fine for cuts and punctures but, if you have blistering on your hands from a burn of some type, you'll need something that has medical product directly integrated into the dressing, and still breathes too.
Such a product would be Band-Aid's Advanced Healing Blister Cushion. Not all burns come from fire think about putting your hand on a hot exhaust pipe or having a line run through your ungloved hand at a high rate of speed! Allevyn and Duoderm have similar products and all can last for several days in place if need be.
Liquid Dressings? - Many of us have heard of the use of SuperGlue as a liquid dressing/ersatz stitching. That would be clever if it weren't for the fact that SuperGlue itself comes with a warning that says that it is toxic. NewSkin and Dermabond are liquid bandage products that are designed for the same purpose but don't sport a warning label that says "toxic!"
I have no experience with these products under maritime conditions but I have heard some skippers note that, under harsh conditions, "the stitches come out".
Pain Killers? - If you are going to keep anything aboard stronger than Tylenol, you'll need a doctor's prescription to buy it and training how to administer it. Daunting! With that said, many Search And Rescue teams both at the ski patrol level and on-the-water are opting for something called "fentanyl".
it is sprayed in the victim's nose where it is fast acting but short-duration. You'll still need medical training and prescription processing but, in lieu of giving someone a needle injection with morphine for a crushed leg from a shark bite, this might be something for the right skipper with the right profile to look into.
Assists? - Need some help out there? Don't forget some low-tech devices such an otoscope (the thing the doctor sticks in your ear during an exam.) "Dr. Mom" offers a cheap, lightweight and stainless steel model with LED light. Great for fine print, finding splinters and a bit of barnacle that embedded itself in your finger.
What do you do if someone needs artificial respiration? - First, I hope you're up to date on your Red Cross First Aid training. If not, "Google" it and get into a class. In addition to getting good solid training on medical "tech", you'll be properly trained in CPR, including artificial respiration. And when you train for that, one of the key items is something between your mouth and the victim's.
On that subject, only when "in extremis" do we bypass modern day sanitation and body-fluid control and one device you might want to have aboard is the NuMask. It fits inside the victim's mouth like a snorkel rather than over the face like a mask.
Commodore Pica is District Directorate Chief; Strategy & Innovation; First Coast Guard District, Southern Region USCGAux. He is also a U.S. Coast Guard licensed Master Captain.